نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشگاه محقق اردبیلی

2 دانش آموخته کارشناسی ارشد، گروه علوم و مهندسی خاک، دانشکده کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی، دانشگاه محقق اردبیلی، اردبیل، ایران

3 گروه مهندسی آب، دانشکده کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی، دانشگاه محقق اردبیلی، اردبیل، ایران

چکیده

اندازه­گیری مستقیم میانگین وزنی قطر (MWD) خاکدانه­های تر در آزمایشگاه کاری بسیار وقت­گیر و پرهزینه است. هدف از این پژوهش ارائه توابع رگرسیونی، شبکه عصبی مصنوعی (ANN) و نروفازی برای برآورد MWD تر در شمال غرب دریاچه ارومیه بود. در مجموع 100 نمونه خاک دست­خورده و دست­نخورده از عمق 0 تا 10 سانتی­متری اراضی کشاورزی و بایر منطقه شبستر برای تعیین برخی ویژگی­های فیزیکی و شیمیایی زودیافت خاک برداشته­شد. متغیر MWD به روش الک تر در آزمایشگاه اندازه­گیری­شد. برای آموزش توابع از 80 درصد داده­ها و برای آزمون توابع از 20 درصد داده­ها استفاده گردید. همبستگی مثبت و معنی­دار بین شن با کربن آلی (**43/0) و رس با نسبت جذبی سدیم (SAR) (**60/0) یافت شد. همبستگی مثبت و معنی­دار بین MWD با کربن آلی (**58/0) و شن (**60/0) و همبستگی منفی و معنی­دار بین MWD با رس (**48/0-) و SAR (**57/0-) تعیین گردید. نتایج توابع انتقالی نشان داد کربن آلی، شن و SAR مهم­ترین متغیرهای زودیافت در برآورد MWD بودند. مقادیر ضریب تبیین (R2)، مجذور میانگین مربعات خطا (RMSE) و میانگین خطا (ME) به­ترتیب 84/0، mm 192/0،mm  122/0- و 84/0،  mm154/0 ، mm 030/0 و 87/0،mm 215/0 و mm 161/0-  به­ترتیب برای بهترین تابع رگرسیونی، ANN و نروفازی در داده­های آزمون به­دست آمد. بنابراین توابع ANN به­دلیل داشتن RMSE پایین و ME نزدیک به صفر در مقایسه با توابع رگرسیونی و نروفازی از دقت بیشتری در برآورد MWD تر در خاک­های منطقه مورد مطالعه برخوردار بودند. 

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

Estimating Wet Aggregates Stability from Easily Available Soil Properties in North West of Lake Urmia

نویسندگان [English]

  • Mozhgan Hatamvand 2
  • Mahsa Hasanpour Kashani 3

2 Graduated MSc student, Department of Soil Sciences and engineering, Faculty of Agriculture and Natural Resources, University of Mohaghegh Ardabili, Ardabil, Iran.

3 Water Engineering Department, Faculty of Agriculture and Natural Resources, University of Mohaghegh Ardabili, Ardabil, Iran.

چکیده [English]

Direct measurement of mean weight diameter (MWD) of wet aggregates in the laboratory is time consuming, laborious and expensive. The objective of this study was to derive regression, artificial neural networks (ANNs) and neuro-fuzzy pedotransfer functions (PTFs) to estimate the wet MWD in the northwest of Lake Urmia. Total of 100 disturbed and undisturbed soil samples were taken from 0-10 cm soil depth for determining some readily available soil variables in bare and agricultural lands of Shabestar region. The MWD of wet aggregates was measured by wet sieving in the laboratory. The data were divided into two series, so that 80 data points were applied for training and remaining 20 data points as testing set. There were found positive and significant correlations between sand and organic carbon (OC) (0.43**) and also between clay and sodium adsorption ratio (SAR) (0.60**). There were found positive and significant correlations between the MWD with sand (0.60**) and OC (0.58**) and negative and significant correlations between the MWD with clay (-0.48**) and SAR (-0.57**). The results of PTFs showed that OC, sand and SAR were the most important readily available soil variables to estimate the MWD. The values of R2, root mean square error (RMSE) and mean error (ME) were obtained to be 0.84, 0.192 mm, -0.122 mm and 0.84, 0.154 mm, 0.030 mm and 0.87, 0.215 mm, -0.161 mmfor the best regression, ANNs and neuro-fuzzy PTFs, respectively, in estimating the MWD according to testing data set. Therefore, the performance of the ANNs in estimating the MWD was more than regression and neuro-fuzzy PTFs in the soils of studied region, since they had lower RMSE and ME values.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • artificial neural network
  • Mean weight diameter of wet aggregates
  • neuro-fuzzy
  • Regression
  • Soil pedotransfer functions
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