ارتباط مس قابل‌جذب با شکل‌های شیمیایی آن در برخی خاک‌های آهکی استان آذربایجان شرقی

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 مربی علوم باغبانی،گروه علوم باغبانی،دانشکده کشاورزی،واحد تبریز،دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی،تبریز،ایران

2 عضو هیات علمی گروه علوم و مهندسی خاک دانشگاه تبریز

3 دانش اموخته کارشناسی ارشد

4 دانش آموخته کارشناسی ارشد

چکیده

شناخت شکل‌های شیمیایی مس در خاک و تعیین مقدار هر کدام از آن­ها، اطلاعات مفیدی برای ارزیابی وضعیت مس، حاصلخیزی خاک و تغذیه گیاه و شیمی مس در خاک در اختیار می­گذارد. به منظور کسب چنین اطلاعاتی، در این پژوهش مس قابل جذب خاک در 21 نمونه خاک آهکی سطحی (0-30 سانتی‌متر) از استان آذربایجان شرقی با شش روش مختلف شامل  DTPA، AB-DTPA، AC-EDTA، هیدروکسیل آمین هیدروکلراید، اکسالات آمونیوم مرجع و اکسالات آمونیوم سریع اندازه­گیری شد. شکل‌های شیمیایی مس نیز با روش اصلاح­شده سینگ و همکاران تعیین شدند. بر طبق نتایج حاصله بیشترین مقدار مس استخراج­شده با روش اکسالات آمونیوم سریع (mg kg-1 69/25) و کمترین آن با روش DTPA-TEA (mg kg-157/1) حاصل گردید. همچنین شکل‌های باقی­مانده (Cu-Residual) و پیوسته به اکسیدهای بلورین (Cu-CFeox)  بیشترین مقدار مس خاک را به خود اختصاص دادند. با توجه به ضرایب همبستگی چنین نتیجه­گیری شد که روش عصاره‎گیری AC-EDTA علاوه بر شکل­های تبادلی (Cu-Ex) و (Cu-CFeox) از مس باقی­مانده خاک (Cu-Res) نیز عصاره‌گیری کرد. عصاره‌گیر هیدروکسیل آمین در مقایسه با سایر عصاره­گیرها مس را بیشتر از منبع اکسیدهای منگنز استخراج کرد. نتایج تحلیل رگرسیونی نشان داد که شکل‌ Cu-CFeox بیشترین سهم را در مس عصاره­گیری­شده با عصاره‌گیرهای AB-DTPA ، AC-EDTA و DTPA در خاک‌های مورد مطالعه داشت. با توجه به روابط آماری احتمالا مس پیوسته به اکسیدهای آهن بلوری، منبع بالقوه­ای برای مس قابل‌جذب در خاک‌های آهکی مورد مطالعه بوده و از ویژگی­های شیمیایی خاک نیز محتوای کربنات کلسیم معادل مؤثرترین ویژگی­ است که فراهمی مس قابل‌جذب گیاه در خاک‌های مورد مطالعه را پیش‌بینی می‌کند.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Relationships between available Cu and its chemical fractions in some calcareous soils of East Azerbaijan province

نویسندگان [English]

  • Mahdieh Haghighat Afshar 1
  • Adel Reyhanitabar 2
1 Department of Horticultural Science,Faculty of Agriculture,Tabriz Branch, Islamic Azad University,Tabriz,Iran
چکیده [English]

Information about chemical forms of copper (Cu) is important for the evaluation of its status in soil and also understanding of soil fertility, plant nutrition and soil chemistry. To obtain such information, in this research available Cu was determined in 21 calcareous surface soil samples (0-30 cm) by six methods including DTPA, AB-DTPA, AC-EDTA, hydroxylamine, reference ammonium oxalate and rapid ammonium oxalate. Cu fractions were also determined by the modified sequential extraction procedures introduced by Singh et al. According to the results, rapid ammonium oxalate and DTPA-TEA methods extracted the maximum (25.69 mg kg-1) and minimum (1.57 mg kg-1) amounts of Cu, respectively. Also, Cu-residual and Cu-CFeox forms the greatest amount of Cu in studied soils respectively. AC-EDTA extraction method, in addition to Cu-Residual, extracted other fractions of copper such as Cu-Exchangeable, and Cu-CFeoxide. Hydroxylamine method extracted Cu mostly from the manganese oxides source compared to other methods. Regression analysis indicates that Cu-CFeox forms the maximum copper extracted by extractants AB-DTPA, AC-EDTA and DTPA in soils was studied. According to the statistical relationships presumably Cu-CFeox, does seem a potential source of available Cu in studied soils. Among chemical properties of soil, CCE content of the soils appear the most influential properties that predict available Cu in the studied soils.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • AC-EDTA
  • available Cu
  • DTPA
  • copper fractions
  • sequential extraction
Agbeni J.O. 2010. Extractability and transformation of copper and zinc added to tropical Savanna soil long-term pasture. Communication in Soil Science and Plant Analysis, 41: 1016-1027.

Alavi H., Barani Motlagh M. and Dordipor A. 2012. Determination of chemical forms of copper and its relationship with the characteristics of the soil and plant responses in some soils of Golestan province. Journal of Soil and Water Conservation Research, 19: 42-63. (In Persian)

Allison L.E. and Moodie C.D. 1965. Carbonate In: Black C.A (Ed.), Methods of Soil Analysis. Part 2, American Society of Agronomy, Soil Science Society of America, Madison, WI, pp. 1379-1396.

Bakircioglu D., Bakircioglu Kurtulus Y. and Ibar H. 2011: Investigation of trace elements in Agricultural soils by BCR sequential extraction method and its transfer to wheat plants. Environmental Monitoring Assess, 175: 303-314.

Bawer C.A., Reitemeier R.F. and Fireman M. 1952. Exchangable cation analysis of saline and alkaline soil. Soil Science, 73: 251-261.

Benitez M.L., Pedraja V.M., Del Campillo M.C. and Torrent J. 2002. Iron chlorosis in olive in relation to soil properties. Nutrient Cycling Agroecosystem, 62: 47-52.

Dang Y.P., Dalal Edwards D.G. and Tiller K.G. 1994. Kinetics of zinc desorption from Vertisols. Soil Science Society of America Journal, 58: 1392-1399.

Del Campillo M.C. and Torrent J.1992. A rapid acid-oxalate extraction procedure for the determination of active Fe-oxide forms in calcareous soils. Journal of Plant Nutrition and Soil Science, 155: 437-440.

De Santiago A. and Delgado A. 2006. Predicting iron chlorosis of lupine in calcareous Spanish soilsfrom iron extracts. Soil Science Society of America Journal, 70 (6): 1945-1950.

Drouineau G. 1942. Rapid determination of active limestone soil: New Data on to parathion and nature of the limestone fractions. Analysis of Agronomy, 12: 441-450.

Filgueiras A.V., Lavilla I. and Bendicho C. 2002. Chemical sequential extraction for metal partitioning in environmental solid samples. Journal Environmental Monitoring, 4: 823-857.

Gee G.W. and Or D. 2002. Partical size analysis. In: Dane J.C. and Topp C. (Ed.), Methods of Soil Analysis, Part 4. Physical Methods. SoilScience Society of America. pp. 201-214.

Gronflaten L.K. and Steinnes E. 2005. Comparison of four different extraction methods to assess plant availability of some metals in organic forest soil. Communication in Soil Science Plant Analysis, 36(19): 2699-2718.

Gunkel P., Roth E. and Fabre B. 2004. Sequential extraction of copper from soils and relationships with copper in maize. Environment Chemistry Letters, 2: 99-103.

Hemati matin N. and Jalali M. 2006. Study the relationship between soil properties and components, copper, iron and manganese in paddy soils Lenjanat region. The first National Congress on science and new technologies Zanjan University. 19 to 21 September 1390. (In Persian)

Keller C. and Vedy J.C. 1994. Distribution of copper and cadmium fractions in two forest soils. Journal of Environmental Quality, 23: 987-999.

Khanmirzaei E., Bazargan K., Moezi E. and shahbazi K. 2012. The relationship between chemical forms of cadmium in soil and its concentration in wheat grain in some soil of Khuzestan province. Journal of Soil Science, 26 (4): 347-355. (In Persian)

Liang J., Stewart J.W.B. and Karamanos R.E. 1991. Distribution and plant availability of soil copper fractions in Saskatchewan. Canada Journal Soil Science, 71: 89-99.

Lindsay W.L. and Norvell W. A. 1978. Development of a DTPA soil test for zinc, iron, manganese and copper. Soil Science Society of America Journal, 42: 421-428.

Lindsay W.L. and Cox F.R, 1985. Micronutrient soil testing for the tropics, Fertilizer Research, 7:169-200.

Mahashabde J.P. and Patel S. 2012. DTPA-Extractable micronutrients and fertility status of soil in shirpur Tahasil region. International Journal of ChemTech Research, 4 (4): 1681-1685.

Maftoun M., Karimian N. and Moshiri F. 2002. Sorption characteristics of copper (II) in selected    calcareous soils of Iran in relation topsoil Properties. Communication Soil Science Plant Analysis, 33: 2279-2289.

Mafton M., Mohasseli V., Karimian N. and Ronaghi A.M. 2003. Laboratory and greenhouse evaluation of five chemical extractants for estimating available copper in selected calcareous soils of Iran. Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis, 34: 1451-1463.

Malakouti M.J., Karimian N.A. and Keshavarz P. 2008. Comprehensive Methods of Diagnosis and the Proper Use of Fertilizer for Sustainable Agriculture. (7nd Ed). Tarbiat Modares University Press. Tehran. 718 p. (In Persian)

Menzies N.W., Donn M.J. and kopittke K. 2007. Evaluation of extractants for estimation of the phytoavailable trace metal in soil. Enviromental pollution, 145(1): 121-130.

Mottaghian H.R. and Hoseinpor E.R. 2014. Evaluation of several chemical extractants can be used to determine copper bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) in soils treated and untreated urban sewage sludge. Journal of Science and Technology of Greenhouse Culture. Issue 17: 113 to 124. (In Persian)

Nelson D.W. and Sommers L.E. 1982. Total carbon, organic carbon and organic matter. In: Page A.L. (Ed.), Methods of Soil Analysis, Part 2, Chemical and Micro Biological Methods. Agron, Monogr. 9. ASA and SSSA. Madison, USA, pp. 539-580.

 Reyhanitabar A., Karimian N.A., Ardalan M., Savaghebi G.h.R. and Ghanadha, M. 2005. Zinc fractions of selected calcareous soils of Tehran province and their relationships with soil characteristics. Journal of science and technology of Agriculture and Natural Resources, 10(3): 125-136. (In Persian)

Richards L.K. 1954. Diagnosis and Improvement of Saline and Alkaline Soils. Agriculture Hand book, Salinity Laboratory Staffs. US Department of Agriculture, Washington, 160 p.

Rhoades, J.D. 1996. Salinity electrical conductivity and total dissolved solids. In: Sparks, D.L. Methods of Soil Analysis, Part 3, Chemical Methods. America Society of Agronomy, Madison, WI, pp. 417-436.

Sakal R., Singh A.P. and Singh S.P.1988. Distribution of available zinc, copper, iron and manganese in

old alluvial soil as related to certain soil characteristics. Journal of Indian Society of Soil Science, 36: 59-63.

Singh J.P., Karwasra S.P.S. and Singh M. 1988. Distribution and forms of copper, iron, manganese, and zinc in calcareous soils of Indian. Soil Science, 146: 359-366.

Singh R.R. and Prasad B. 1986. Selection of suitable extractant for predicting the response of barley. (Hordeum vulgar L.) to copper application in calcareous soils. Plant and Soil, 93: 211-222.

Singh B.P., Das M. and Prasad R.N.1990. Evaluation of available Cu status in high altitude wetland rice soils. Journal of Indian Society of Soil Science, 38: 464-468.

Singh R. R., Prasad B. and Choudhary S.N. 1994. Desorption of copper in calcareous soils. Journal of IndianSociety of Soil Science, 42: 555-558.

Smith S.R. 1994. Effect of soil pH on availability to crops of metals in sewage sludge-Created soils. I. Nickel, copper and zinc uptake and toxicity to ryegrass. Environmental Polluttion, 85: 321-327.

Soltanpour P.N. and Schwab A.P. 1977. A new soil test for simultaneous extraction of macro and micro- nutrients in alkaline soils. Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis, 8(3): 195-207.

Tabandeh L., Maftoun M., karimian N.A. and Emam I, 2008. Effect of copper on rice yield and chemical composition and determine the critical level of copper in some calcareous soils of Fars province. Journal of Soil and Water Sciences, 22(1):1-10. (In Persian)

Tabandeh L., bakhshi M.R. and karimian N.A. 2012. The relationship between chemical forms of copper and its uptake by soybean plants in some calcareous soils of Fars province. Journal of soil Management and Sustainable Production, 3: 183-198. (In Persian)

Trier Weiler J.F. and Lindsay W.L. 1969. EDTA-ammonium carbonate soil test for zinc. Soil Science Society of America, 33: 49-53.

Wang Z., Shan X.Q. and Zhang S. 2002. Comparison between fractionation and bioavailability of trace elements in rhizosphere and bulk soils. Chemosphere, 46(8): 1163-1171.

Wang W., Shan X.,Wen, B. and Zhang S. 2003. Relationship between the extractable metals from soils and metals taken up by maize roots and shoots. Chemosphere, 53: 523-530.

Wang L., Wu J.P., Liu Y.X., Huang H.Q. and Fang Q.F. 2009. Spatial variability of micronutrients in rice grain and paddy soil. Pedosphere, 19(6): 748-755.
Wu C., Luo y. and Zhang L. 2010. Variability of copper availability in paddy fields in relation to selected soil properties in southeast China. Geoderma, 156: 200-206.
Xian X. 2003. Effect of chemical forms of Cadmium, Zinc, and Lead in polluted soils on their uptake by cabbage plants. Plant and Soil, 113: 256-264.
Zalidis G., Barbayiarinis N. and Matsi T. 1999. Forms and distribution of Heal metals in soils of the axios delta of northern Greece. Communication in Soil Science and Plant Analysis, 30: 817-827.