بررسی تأثیر کاربرد پس آب فاضلاب شهری تبریز، بناب و مراغه بر خصوصیات خاک و کیفیت سه محصول پیاز، گوجه‌فرنگی و یونجه

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 موسسه تحقیقات خاک و آب

2 بخش تحقیقات اصلاح اراضی موسسه تحقیقات خاک وآب

3 بخش تحقیقات زراعی وباغی ،مرکز تحقیقات وآموزش کشاورزی ومنابع طبیعی آذربایجان شرقی، سازمان تحقیقات ،آموزش وترویج کشاورزی تبریز ایران

4 بخش تحقیقات آبخیزداری ، مرکز تحقیقات وآموزش کشاورزی ومنابع طبیعی آذربایجان شرقی، سازمان تحقیقات ،آموزش وترویج کشاورزی تبریز ایران

5 بخش تحقیقات فنی ومهندسی کشاورزی، مرکز تحقیقات وآموزش کشاورزی ومنابع طبیعی آذربایجان شرقی، سازمان تحقیقات ،آموزش وترویج کشاورزی تبریز ایران

6 بخش تحقیقات خاک وآب، مرکز تحقیقات وآموزش کشاورزی ومنابع طبیعی آذربایجان شرقی، سازمان تحقیقات ،آموزش وترویج کشاورزی تبریز ایران

چکیده

به‌منظور بررسی میزان عناصر و فلزات سنگین در آب‌ها و مناطق در گیاهان مختلف، آزمایشی دوساله طی سال‌های 1393 و 1394 به‌صورت فاکتوریل بر پایه بلوک‌های کامل تصادفی اجرا شد. عامل اول شامل دو سطح آب ( آب چاه و فاضلاب) و عامل دوم شامل سه منطقه (تبریز، مراغه و بناب) و عامل سوم شامل سه گیاه (پیاز، گوجه‌فرنگی و یونجه) بود. 36 تیمار در سه تکرار طی دو سال موردبررسی قرار گرفتند. نتایج نشان داد بین آب‌های موردمطالعه ازنظر میزان عنصر اختلاف معنی‌داری وجود دارد. ولی بین اثر متقابل سال و آب‌ها اختلاف معنی‌داری مشاهده نشد. نتایج نشان داد که ازنظر غلظت عناصر در بین گیاهان موردمطالعه و ازنظر اثر متقابل سال در گیاه در اکثر صفات موردمطالعه اختلاف معنی‌داری وجود دارد. همچنین ازنظر غلظت عناصر موردمطالعه در بین مناطق موردمطالعه و همچنین اثر متقابل سال در منطقه در اکثر صفات موردمطالعه اختلاف معنی‌داری مشاهده گردید. نتایج مقایسات میانگین به روش دانکن نشان داد که ازنظر تیمار آب‌ها، آب فاضلاب، ازنظر تیمار گیاه، گیاه پیاز و ازنظر منطقه شهر بناب بیشترین غلظت عناصر سنگین را داشتند. نتایج همبستگی متغیرها نشان داد که بین عملکرد و فلزات سنگین همبستگی منفی و معنی‌داری وجود داشت.
کلمات کلیدی:آب فاضلاب، فلزات سنگین، عملکرد

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Effect of the urban waste water Tabriz Bonab and Maragheh on soil properties and the quality of three onions, tomatoes and alfalfa

نویسندگان [English]

  • hamed rezaei 2
  • hasan monirifar 3
  • nasrin hajihasani 4
  • parisa zargaripour 5
  • sedghali zamani 6
  • rasoul ahmadiadli 6
2 Soil & Water Research Institute. Imam Khomeini Blvd., Meshkin Dasht Road, Standard Square, Karaj, I.R.Iran
3 بخش تحقیقات زراعی وباغی ،مرکز تحقیقات وآموزش کشاورزی ومنابع طبیعی آذربایجان شرقی، سازمان تحقیقات ،آموزش وترویج کشاورزی تبریز ایران
4 بخش تحقیقات آبخیزداری ، مرکز تحقیقات وآموزش کشاورزی ومنابع طبیعی آذربایجان شرقی، سازمان تحقیقات ،آموزش وترویج کشاورزی تبریز ایران
5 بخش تحقیقات فنی ومهندسی کشاورزی، مرکز تحقیقات وآموزش کشاورزی ومنابع طبیعی آذربایجان شرقی، سازمان تحقیقات ،آموزش وترویج کشاورزی تبریز ایران
6 بخش تحقیقات خاک وآب، مرکز تحقیقات وآموزش کشاورزی ومنابع طبیعی آذربایجان شرقی، سازمان تحقیقات ،آموزش وترویج کشاورزی تبریز ایران
چکیده [English]

In order to determine the elements and heavy metals in water and areas in various plants, the experiment was conducted during the years of 2014 and 2015 in form of factorial based on randomized complete block design. The first factor was included two levels of water (pit water and sewage water) and the second factor was involved three regions (Tabriz, Maragheh, and Bonab) and the third factor was included three crops (onions, tomatoes and alfalfa). 36 treatments were studied over two years in three replications. The results showed that there are significant differences among studied waters in terms of element amount. But the interaction of year and no significant difference waters but no significant difference was observed between interaction of year and waters. The results among the studied plants in terms of element amount demonstrated that there are significant differences among plants in terms of elements amount and also significant differences were observed for interaction of year and plant in majority of the studied traits. By studying the three regions in terms of elements amount; it was observed that there are significant differences among the regions. Significant difference was observed in majority of the studied traits for interaction of year and region. The results of mean comparisons with Duncan method indicated that sewage water had the highest amount of elements and onion had the greatest amount of elements and Bonab was the most polluted region. The correlation results showed that there was significant negative correlation between yield and heavy metals.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • sewage water
  • Heavy metals
  • Yield
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