تأثیر برخی منابع آلی و شیمیایی بر جذب برخی عناصر کم‌مصرف و پرمصرف در اسفناج

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استادیار بخش علوم خاک، دانشکده کشاورزی، دانشگاه شیراز

2 دانشگاه شیراز

3 دانشیار بخش علوم و مهندسی صنایع غذایی، دانشکده کشاورزی، دانشگاه شیراز،

چکیده

سیانوباکتری اسپیرولینا (Arthrospira platensis) دارای طیف وسیعی از مواد آلی و معدنی تغذیه‌ای می‌باشد و می‌تواند به عنوان ماده جدیدی برای کشت ارگانیک گیاهان استفاده شود. برای بررسی امکان مصرف پودر غیرزنده سیانوباکتری اسپیرولینا و مطالعه اثر آن بر عملکرد و جذب عناصر غذایی در اسفناج (Spinasia olerace L.) و همچنین مقایسه آن با برخی کودهای شیمیایی و آلی، آزمایشی گلخانه‌ای بر پایه طرح کاملاً تصادفی و با سه تکرار انجام شد. تیمارهای آزمایش شامل شاهد، زیست‌توده غیرزنده سیانوباکتری اسپیرولینا (پودر خشک) در چهار سطح (500، 1000، 2500 و 5000 میلی‌گرم در کیلوگرم خاک)، ورمی‌کمپوست (10000 میلی‌گرم در کیلوگرم)، کود گاوی و کود گوسفندی (20000 میلی‌گرم در کیلوگرم)، کود شیمیایی (1) که شامل 80 میلی‌گرم نیتروژن در کیلوگرم خاک و 10 میلی‌گرم فسفر در کیلوگرم خاک و کود شیمیایی (2) که شامل 150 میلی‌گرم نیتروژن در کیلوگرم خاک و 20 میلی‌گرم فسفر در کیلوگرم خاک به ترتیب از منبع اوره و مونوکلسیم فسفات بود. نتایج نشان داد که بیشترین و کمترین وزن خشک اسفناج به‌ترتیب در تیمار 500 میلی‌گرم در کیلوگرم توده غیرزنده سیانوباکتری اسپیرولینا و کود گوسفندی به‌دست آمد. با کاربرد 500 میلی‌گرم در کیلوگرم توده غیرزنده سیانوباکتری اسپیرولینا، جذب نیتروژن، فسفر، پتاسیم، روی، آهن، منگنز و مس به‌وسیله اسفناج نسبت به شاهد افزایش معنی‌دار یافت. کاربرد سطوح بالاتر از 1000 میلی‌گرم پودر خشک سیانوباکتری اسپیرولینا در کیلوگرم خاک اثر معنی داری بر عملکرد و جذب برخی عناصر غذایی به‌وسیله اسفناج نداشت. نتایج نشان داد که اثر کودهای بکاربرده شده بر برخی ویژگی‌ها مانند وزن خشک، جذب نیتروژن، فسفر، پتاسیم و عناصر کم مصرف به‌صورت سیانوباکتری اسپیرولینا> کود گاوی> ورمی‌کمپوست > کود شیمیایی> شاهد=کود گوسفندی بود.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Effect of some organic and chemical amendments on some micro and macronutrient uptake in spinach

نویسندگان [English]

  • Sedigheh Safarzadeh Shirazi 1
  • Shahrzad karami 2
  • Mohammad Taghi Golmakani 3
1 Assistant Professor, Department of Soil Science, College of Agriculture, Shiraz University, Shiraz, Iran.
2 Shiraz University
3 Ph.D. Associate Professor, Department of Food Science and Technology, College of Agriculture, Shiraz University, Shiraz, Iran,
چکیده [English]

Spirulinacyanobacterium (Arthrospira platensis) has a vast range of nutritional organic and inorganic substances and can be used as new material for organic cultivation of plants. In order to evaluate the effect of non-living powder of Spirulinacyanobacterium on spinach (Spinasia olerace L.) yield and nutrient uptake and comparing the results with some organic and chemical fertilizers, a greenhouse experiment was carried out in a completely randomized design with three replications. Treatments including of control, four non-living spirulina levels (500, 1000, 2500, 5000 mg kg-1), vermicompost (10000 mg kg-1), cattle manure and sheep manure (20000 mg kg-1), chemical fertilizers: (1) 80 mg N kg-1 and 10 mg P kg-1, (2): 150 mg N kg-1 and 20 mg P kg-1 as urea and monocalcium phosphate, respectively. Results showed that the highest and lowest dry weights were obtained in 500 mg non-living Spirulina kg-1 and sheep manure respectively. The total content of nitrogen (N), phosphorus (P), potassium (K), zinc (Zn), iron (Fe), manganese (Mn) and copper (Cu) in spinach was significantly increased with application of 500 mg non-living Spirulina kg-1as compared to control. Application of higher levels of cyanobacterium (more than 1000 mg kg-1 soil) had not significantly effect on spinach yield and some nutrient uptake. Results showed that the effect of fertilizers on some studied characteristics such as dry weight, N, P, K and micronutrient uptake was as following order: Spirulina cyanobacterium > cattle manure> vermicompost> chemical fertilizer (N and P)> control= sheep manure.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • cattle manure
  • cyanobacterium
  • sheep manure
  • Spinach
  • Vermicompost
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