مقایسه سطوح مختلف بیوچار و کود حیوانی بر عملکرد و اجزا عملکرد و کارایی مصرف آب گندم

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 گروه علوم و مهندسی آب، دانشکده کشاورزی دانشگاه بوعلی سینا

2 گروه علوم و مهندسی آب دانشکده کشاورزی دانشگاه بوعلی سینا همدان

3 گروه کشاورزی دانشگاه پیام نور همدان

چکیده

بیوچار تولید شده از مواد آلی و پسماند‌های زراعی، یک ماده اصلاح­کننده خاک است که می‌تواند باعث افزایش تخلخل، کاهش چگالی ظاهری و افزایش نگه­داشت رطوبت در خاک شود. در این پژوهش تاثیر سطوح مختلف بیوچار 5/1 و 3 درصد وزنی تولید شده از کاه و کلش گندم تحت فرآیند پیرولیز آهسته در دمای 400 درجه سلسیوس و کود حیوانی 5/1 و 3 درصد وزنی بر عملکرد گندم و ویژگی­های خاک در قالب طرح کاملاً تصادفی بررسی شد. همچنین کارایی مصرف آب و میزان آب مصرفی نیز مورد بررسی قرار گرفت. نتایج نشان داد که بیشترین میانگین وزن خشک اندام هوایی گندم، مربوط به تیمار بیوچار 3 درصد (B2) با مقدار 69/2و کمترین مربوط به کود 5/1 درصد وزنی با مقدار 22/2 گرم در بوته بوده است. میانگین رطوبت حجمی در تیمار B2با مقدار 36/29 % بیشترین مقدار را نسبت به سایر تیمار‌ها داشته است و افزودن بیوچار به خاک باعث افزایش هدایت الکتریکی نسبت به تیمار کود و شاهد شد. همچنین بیشترین میانگین کارایی مصرف آب در صفت وزن خشک اندام هوایی گندم، مربوط به تیمار B2با مقدار 87/2 گرم در لیتر بوده است که نشان­دهنده تفاوت معنی­داردر سطح 5درصد این تیمار با تیمار شاهد و کود 5/1 درصد است.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Comparison of different biochar and fertilizer levels on yield and yield components of wheat and water use efficiency

نویسندگان [English]

  • sahar palangi 1
  • omid bahmani 2
  • vahid atlasi-pak 3
1 water engineering, agriculture faculty of Bu-Ali sina university
2 Assistant professor of water engineering, agriculture faculty, Bu-Ali Sina university,Hamadan, Iran
3 Assistant professor of Agricultural Engineering, Payame Noor University of Hamedan, Iran.
چکیده [English]

The biochar produced from organic matter and agricultural residues is a soil amendment that can increase porosity, decrease bulk density and increase moisture content in the soil. In this study, the effects of different levels of 1.5 and 3.5 by weight percent of biochar produced from wheat straw and 1.5 and 3 by weight percent of fertilizers on wheat yield and soil characteristics were investigated. Water use efficiency and water consumption were also studied. The results showed that the highest average dry weight of wheat was 3% (B2) with 2.69 and the lowest was 1.05% by weight (2.22 g / plant). The average volume of moisture content in treatment B2 was 29.36% higher than other treatments, and the addition of biochar to soil increased the electrical conductivity related to fertilizer and control treatment. The highest mean water use efficiency in dry weight of wheat was related to B2 treatment with 2.87 g / liter, indicating a significant difference of 5% of the treatment with control and 1.5% fertilizer.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Biochar
  • fertilizer
  • Yield
  • Water use efficiency
  • moisture content
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