Abida P., Liu W., Hussain S., Asghar J., and Perveen S. 2019. Silicon priming regulates morpho-physiological growth and oxidative metabolism in Maize under drought stress. Plants, 8:431-445.
Al-Murad M., Latif Khan A., and Muneer S. 2020. Silicon in horticultural crops: Cross-talk, signaling, and tolerance mechanism under salinity stress. Plants, 9: 460- 481.
Amiri A., Bagheri A., Khaje M., Najaf Abadipour F., and Yadollahi P. 2014. Effect of silicone foliar application on yield and antioxidant enzymes activity of Safflower under limited irrigation conditions. Crop Production Research, 5(4): 361-372. )In Persian)
Anitha R., Gayathry G., Thiruvarasan S., Christy P., Mary M., and Jayachandran M. 2019. Study of potassium silicate and silica solubilizing Bacteria and its impact on yield and quality of sugarcane under water stress condition. International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences, 8(11): 1287-1301.
Artyszak A. 2018. Effect of silicon fertilization on crop yield quantity and quality: a literature review in Europe. Plants, 7(3):54-75.
Asadzadeh N., Moosavi S.G., and Seghatoleslami M.J. 2015. Effect of irrigation regimes and application of nano and conventional ZnO and SiO2 fertilizers on yield, yield components and water use efficiency of sunflower. Biological Forum- An International Journal, 7(1): 357-364.
Chen W., Yao X., Cai K., and Chen J. 2011. Silicon alleviates drought stress of rice plants by 843 improving plant water status, photosynthesis and mineral nutrient absorption. Biological Trace Element Research, 142: 67–76.
Coskun D, Deshmukh R., Sonah H., Menzies J.G., Reynolds O., Ma J., Kronzucker J., and Belanger R. 2019. The controversies of silicon’s role in plant biology. New Phytologist, 221(1): 67–85.
Debaeke P., Casadebaig P., Flenet F., and Langlade N. 2020. Sunflower crop and climate change: vulnerability, adaptation, and mitigation potential from case-studies in Europe. Oilseeds & Fats Crops and Lipids, 24(1): 1-15.
El-Kinany R., and Nassar A. 2019. Effects of silicon levels and application methods on growth and quality characteristics of narcissus tazetta L. Alexandria Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 64(4): 231-243.
Etesami H., and Jeong B.R. 2018. Silicon (Si): Review and future prospects on the action mechanisms in alleviating biotic and abiotic stresses in plants. Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety, 147: 881–896.
Gong H., and Chen K. 2012. The regulatory role of silicon on water relations, photosynthesis gas exchange, and carboxylation activities of wheat leaves in field drought conditions. Acta Physiologiae Plantarum, 34: 1589-1594.
Gunes A., Pillbeam D., Inal A., and Coban S. 2008. Influence of silicon on Sunflower cultivars under drought stress, I: Growth, Antioxidant mechanisms, and Lipid peroxidation. Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis, 39: 1885–1903.
Heidari M., and Karami A.V. 2013. Effect of drought stress and strains of mycorrhiza on yield, photosynthetic pigments Sunflower. Journal of Environmental Stress on Crops, 6(1): 17-26. (In Persian)
Hussain S., Hussain S., Qadir T., Khaliq A., Ashraf U., Parveen A., Saqib M., and Rafiq M. 2019. Drought stress in plants: An overview on implications, tolerance mechanisms and agronomic mitigation strategies. Plant Science Today, 6: 389–402.
Hussain M., Farooq S., Hasan W., Ul-Allah S., Tanveer M., Farooq M., and Nawazd M. 2018. Drought stress in Sunflower: physiological effects and its management through breeding and agronomic alternatives. Agricultural Water Management, 201: 152-166.
Hussain S., Ahmad M., Ahmad S., Iqbal J., Subhani J.M., Nadeem S.M., and Ibrahim M. 2013.
Improvement of drought tolerance in Sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.) by foliar application of abscisic acid and potassium chloride. Pakistan Journal of Nutrition, 12(4): 345–352.
Joshan K., Sani B., Jabbari H., Mozafari H., and Moaveni P. 2019. Effect of drought stress on oil content and fatty acids composition of some Safflower genotypes. Plant, Soil and Environment, 65(11): 563–567.
Li Q.F., Ma C.C., and Shang Q.L. 2007. Effects of silicon on photosynthesis and antioxidative enzymes of Maize under drought stress. Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao, 18: 531-536.
Liang Y., Sun W., Zhu Y.G., and Christie P. 2007.Mechanisms of silicon mediated alleviation of a biotic stressesin higher plants. Environmental Pollution, 147: 422-428.
Ma J.F., and Yamaji N. 2006. Silicon uptake and accumulation in higher plants. Trends in Plant Science, 11: 392–397.
Maghsoudi K., and Emam Y. 2016. Response of bread wheat cultivars to foliar application of silica under drought stress conditions after flowering. Journal of Crop Production and Processing, 6(19): 1-12. (In Persian)
Manivannan A., Soundararajan P., Muneer S., and Jeong B.R. 2016. Silicon mitigates salinity stress by regulating the physiology, antioxidant enzyme activities, and protein expression in Capsicum annuum ‘Bugwang’. BioMed Research International, 20: 17-34
Mobasser H.R., and Tavassoli A. 2013. Effect of water stress on quantitative and qualitative characteristics of yield of Sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.). Journal of Novel Applied Sciences, 2(9): 299-302.
Omidi Ardali G., and Bahrani M.J. 2011. The effects of drought, rates and times of nitrogen application on yield and yield components of Sunflower at different growth stages. Journal of Science and Technology of Agriculture and Natural Resources, 55: 199-207. (In Persian)
Patane C., Cosentino S.L., and Anastasi U. 2017. Sowing time and irrigation scheduling effects on seed yield and fatty acids profile of Sunflower in semi-arid climate. International Journal of Plant Production, 11(1): 17-32.
Pei Z.F., Ming D.F., Liu D., Wan G.L., Geng X.X., Gong H.J., and Zhou W.J. 2010. Silicon improves the tolerance to water-deficit stress induced by polyethylene glycol in Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) seedlings. Journal of Plant Growth Regulation, 29: 106–115.
Pekcan V., Evci G., Yilmaz M.L., Balkan A.S., Nalcaiyi S.C., Erdal N., Cicek N.Y., Ekmekci D., and Kaya K. 2017. Drought effects on yield traits of some Sunflower inbreds. Agriculture and Forestry, 61(4): 101-107.
Pekcan V., Evci G., Yilmaz M.L., Balkan A.S., Nalcaiyi S.C., Erdal N., Cicek N.Y., Ekmekci D., and Kaya Y. 2016. Effects of drought on morphological traits of some Sunflower lines. Ekin Journal of Crop Breeding and Genetics, 2(2):54-68.
Robert G.A., Rajasekar M., and Manivannan P. 2016. Triazole-induced drought stress amelioration on growth yield, and pigments composition of Helianthus annuus L. (Sunflower). International Multidisciplinary Research Journal, 5: 6–15.
Rahimizadeh M., Kashani A., Zare Feizabady A., Madani H., and Soltani E. 2010. Effect of micronutrient fertilizers on Sunflower growth and yield under drought stress conditions. Electronic Journal of Crop Production, 3(1): 57-72. (In Persian)
Roshdi M., Heydari Sharifabad H., Karimi M., Nourmohammadi G.H., and Darvish F. 2006. A Survey on the impact of water deficiency over the yield of Sunflower seed cultivar and its components. Journal of Agricultural Science, 12(1): 109-121.
Sayed S.A., and Gadallah M.A.A. 2014. Effects of Silicon on Zea mays plants exposed to water and oxygen deficiency. Russian Journal of Plant Physiology, 61: 493–499.
Sepehr A., and Malakouti M.J. 2005. Study on effect of K, Mg, Si and Zn micronutrients on improving yield and quality of Sunflowers. Journal of Water and Soil Science, 18(1): 29-36. (In Persian)
Shen X., Zhou Y., Duan L., Li Z., Eneji A.E., and Li J. 2010. Silicon effects on photosynthesis and antioxidant parameters of Soybean seedlings under drought and Ultraviolet-B radiation. Journal of Plant Physiology, 167: 1248–1252.
Shi Y., Zhang Y., Han W., Feng R., Hu Y., Guo J., and Gong H. 2016. Silicon enhances water stress tolerance by improving root hydraulic conductance in Solanum lycopersicum L. Frontiers in Plant Science, (7): 196-218.
Trejo L., Garcia A., Escobar H., Ramirez S., Bello J., and Gomez F. 2020. Silicon induces hormetic dose-response effects on growth and concentrations of chlorophylls, amino acids and sugars in pepper plants during the early developmental stage. Plant Biology, 7: 1-28.
Yadollahi P., Asgharipour M.R., Marvane H., and Kheiri N. 2017. The effect of drought stress on grain and oil yield of two Cultivars of Sunflower. Journal of Crop Science Research in Arid Regions, 1(1): 65-75. (In Persian)
Yadollahi P., Bagheri A.A., Amiri A., and Esmailzadeh S. 2014. Effects of drought and foliar application on yield and photosynthetic pigments Sunflower. Journal of Crop Physiology, 6 (21): 73-83. (In Persian)
Zareei Siahbidi A., Rezaizad A., and Daneshian J. 2020. Effect of deficit irrigation on seed yield and yield components of Sunflower (Helianthus Annuus L.) hybrids. Iranian Journal of Crop Sciences, 22(1): 1-14. (In Persian)