مقایسه ی اثر کود های بیولوژیکی و شیمیایی فسفره بر جذب فسفر و عملکرد گیاه زینتی همیشه بهار (Calendula officinalis)

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 عضو هیات علمی پژوهشی

2 دانشیار

3 دانشجوی سابق کارشناسی ارشد

4 دانشیار موسسه تحقیقات خاک و آب

چکیده

چکیده
استفاده از کود های زیستی، رویکرد جهانی برای کاهش آلودگی نهاده های شیمیایی جهت افزایش کمیت و کیفیت محصولات گیاهی در راستای کشاورزی پایدار است. در این تحقیق جهت مقایسه ی اثر کود بیولوژیکی و شیمیایی فسفره بر جذب فسفر و عملکرد گیاه زینتی همیشه بهار، آزمایش فاکتوریل بر پایه طرح بلوک های کامل تصادفی با دو فاکتور: 1- روش‌های مختلف کاربرد کود زیستی بارور در چهار سطح: M1 (بدون استفاده از کود زیستی)، M2 (کود زیستی بصورت بذرمال)، M3(کود زیستی بصورت ریشه مال)، M4 (کود زیستی بصورت بذر مال + ریشه مال ) و 2- مقادیر فسفر شیمایی به شکل سوپر فسفات تریپل در چهار سطح P1 (صفر)، P2 (100)، P3 (200)، P4(300 میلی گرم در لیتر)، 16تیمار و 3 تکرار و با 5 گلدان در هر تیمار انجام شد. در این آزمایش صفاتی چون قطر گل، تعداد گل، ارتفاع نهایی بوته، تعداد برگ در بوته، وزن تر و خشک اندام هوایی، وزن تر و خشک گل ، فسفر کل اندام هوایی و فسفر کل بستر مورد آزمایش قرار گرفت. نتایج این آزمایش نشان داد که از بین روش های کاربرد کود بیولوژیک فسفاته، M4 بر اکثر صفات مورد بررسی مانند ارتفاع نهایی بوته (53/35)، قطر گل (58/66)، تعداد گل (15/9)، تعداد برگ در بوته (25/64)، وزن تر اندام هوایی (09/29) و فسفر اندام هوایی (45/3) موثر و کارا بوده و موجب کاهش مصرف کود فسفره شده است. نظر به اینکه تیمار M4P3 در اکثر صفات با تیمار M4P4 اختلاف معنی داری نداشت، لذا با هدف کاهش مصرف کود فسفره شیمیایی کاربرد آن قابل توصیه است.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

A comparison of the effects of chemical and biological phosphorus fertilizer on phosphorus uptake and yield of Ornamental calendula (Calendula officinalis)

نویسندگان [English]

  • ali mahboub khomami 1
  • davood hashemabadi 2
  • Atefe Barari Tajany 3
  • Alireza fallah 4
1 Member of the Academic Staff
2 Assistant Professor
3 Graduate student of Islamic Azad University of Rasht
4 Associate Professor of Soil And Water Research Institute
چکیده [English]

Abstract
The use of bio-fertilizers is a global approach to reduce chemical inputs pollution to increase the quantity and quality of plant products in line with sustainable agriculture. In this study in order to compare the effects of biological and chemical phosphorus fertilizer on phosphorus uptake and yield of ornamental calendula, a factorial experiment with two factors: 1 - Application of biological phosphorus fertilizer at four levels: M1 (without using biological phosphorus manure), M2 (inoculated seed with biological phosphorus fertilizer), M3 (inoculated roots with biological phosphorus fertilizer), M4 (inoculated seed and roots with biological phosphorus fertilizer) and (2) the amount of phosphorus in the form of triple superphosphate at four levels P1 (zero), P2 (100), P3 (200), P4 (300 mg/l), based on a randomized complete block design with 16 treatments and 5 replicates with 5 pot per treatment was performed. The results showed that of the biological phosphate fertilizer application methods, M4 to most of the traits such plant height (35.53), flower diameter (66.58), flower number (9.15), number of leaves per plant (64.25), shoot fresh weight (29.9) and shoot P (3.45) was effective and efficient and phosphorus fertilizer consumption has reduced. Whereas in most of the characteristics M4P3 treatment had no significant difference with M4P4 treatment. Therefore, it is advisable to reduce consumption of chemical phosphorus fertilizer.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Bio-fertilizers
  • triple superphosphate
  • inoculated to seeds
  • inoculated to roots
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