تأثیر محلول‌پاشی برخی از عناصر کم مصرف بر ویژگیهای کمی و کیفی چغندر قند رقم لاتیتا (Beta vulgaris L.)

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 عضوهیات علمی دانشگاه ارومیه

2 عضو هیات علمی گروه علوم خاک

3 دانشجوی دکتری زراعت دانشگاه ارومیه

چکیده

محلول‌پاشی عناصر کم مصرف اهمیت بسزایی در افزایش کمی و کیفی محصولات کشاورزی دارد. به منظور بررسی عکس‌العمل چغندرقند رقم لاتیتا (Beta vulgaris L.) نسبت به کاربرد عناصر کم مصرف، آزمایشی به‌صورت طرح بلوک‌های کامل تصادفی با چهار تیمار کودی (محلول پاشی) شامل عناصر بور (B)، آهن (Fe)، منگنز (Mn) و روی (Zn) با غلظت 5 در هزار در مرحله 10-8 و 16-14 برگی چغندر قند در چهار تکرار انجام شد. همچنین کرت شاهد بدون محلول‌پاشی تهیه گردید. ویژگیهای فیزیکی و شیمیایی خاک مورد مطالعه مورد به روش استاندار اندازه گیری شد. همچنین ویژگی‌های کمی و کیفی چغندر قند شامل درصد قند ناخالص، درصد قند خالص، درصد قند ملاس، مقدار سدیم، پتاسیم و نیتروژن در ریشه، آلکالیته، ضریب استحصال شکر، عملکرد ریشه و عملکرد شکر ناخالص و شکر خالص اندازه گیری شد. نتایج نشان داد کاربرد عناصر کم مصرف بر همه صفات مورد بررسی تاثیر معنی‌دار داشت (p

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The effect of foliar application of micronutrients on quantitative and qualitative characteristics of sugar beet Cultivar Latyta (Beta vulgaris L.)

نویسندگان [English]

  • Amir Rahimi 1
  • Behnam Dovlati 2
  • Saied Heydarzadeh 3
2 عضو هیات علمی
چکیده [English]

Foliar application of micronutrients has very important on increase of quantitative and qualitative corps. In order to investigate the reaction of sugar beet (Beta vulgaris L.) to micronutrients application was carried out a randomized complete block design with four fertilizer treatments (foliar application) including boron (B), iron (Fe), manganese (Mn), and zinc (Zn) with a concentration of 5 per thousands the 8-10 and 14-16 -leaf stage of sugar beet with 4 replications. Sample plot was prepared without foliar application. Physicochemical properties of soil was determined by standard methods. So, quantitative and qualitative characteristics of sugar beet including total sugar content, pure sugar content, and molasses sugar content, Na, K and N content in root, alkalinity, sugar extraction coefficient, root yield and pure sugar and total sugar yield were determined in sugar beet samples. Results showed that the foliar application of micronutrients on all characteristics studied had significant effect (p

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Keyword: Sugar beet
  • micronutrient
  • Foliar spraying
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